CJ 422 Probation, Parole and Community Correction

CJ 422 IS Sec 1, University of Mississippi
[See UM Catalog for Description]

3 credit hours

Instructor Information:

Dr. Linda Keena

Instructor name:
Dr. Linda Keena

Dr. Linda Keena obtained her Bachelor's (1984) and Master's (1991) degrees in Criminal Justice from Southeast Missouri State University and her Doctorate (2006) from the University of Missouri. She is a former State of Missouri Adult Probation and Parole officer and for the last twenty years has taught various corrections courses, community and institutional based.

She has established a record of scholarly publications which reflects a variety of criminal justice, restorative justice, religion, corrections, and community-based research topics. In addition, she is co author and project director for MEDFELS, a nationally recognized methamphetamine program for elementary schools.

Finally, Dr. Keena is the co-director of the Violence Prevention Office, a program funded by the Office on Violence Against Women, U.S. Department of Justice, aimed at educating students and staff about realities of sexual assault, relationship violence, and stalking.

Contact Information:

If you have questions concerning the content of the course, you may contact the instructor directly using the Email Your Instructor link in the Lessons or Content page. NOTE: Whenever sending email, please be sure to indicate your course title and number in the subject line. You can expect a response within 72 hours, although it may be longer on weekends. Many instructors reply within 24 hours.

For lesson or test administration issues, please contact the iStudy department:

The University of Mississippi
Division of Outreach and Continuing Education
P. O. Box 1848
University, MS 38677

Phone: (662) 915-7313, toll-free (877) 915-7313
Fax: (662) 915-8826
E-mail: istudy@olemiss.edu

Course Description

This 13-lesson independent study course is an examination of probation, parole, and community-corrections that provides historical, philosophical, social, and legal contexts and integrates real-life practice to the greatest extent possible. The course consists of four units. Each unit contains three or four lessons that include a reading assignment, a quiz, and a corresponding exercise. At the end of each unit, there is a required written essay. There are two exams, a midterm at the end of Unit II and a final exam at the end of Unit IV.

Textbook Information:

Textbook information will be provided upon enrollment in your iStudy course.

Course Objectives:

Objectives include (but are not limited to):

  1. To analyze the theories behind correctional goals of punishment and rehabilitation and how supervision philosophies and styles have changed in the United States;
  2. To understand the importance of evidence-based practices to evaluating effectiveness and achieving correctional goals;
  3. To critically examine the demographics of parolees today, how parole was implemented, and the reasons why discretionary parole was replaced by mandatory release;
  4. To compare and contrast the differences among pretrial release, pretrial supervision, and diversion and how structured and unstructured sentencing affects judicial discretion;
  5. To understand the importance of assessment in identifying risk and needs in case management, especially as it relates to special needs offenders; and
  6. To analyze the legal rights and collateral consequences for probationers and parolees during reentry, supervision, and revocation proceedings.

Course Outline:

This course consists of 15 instructional modules (or lessons). Please note that the suggested Pacing Guide to complete the course in a traditional semester is written for Fall and Spring. Full summer students need to make adjustments due to the significantly shorter time period involved.

Lesson Reading Assignments Due for Grades
Start Here *You MUST complete the syllabus quiz as soon as you have access to your Blackboard course. This is mandatory to verify your attendance.*NOTE: you must pass the Syllabus and Orientation Quiz for the course materials to appear on the Lessons page. Syllabus Quiz
0 Introduction Discussion board
 Unit 1: Overview and Evolution of Community Corrections Chapter 1: An Overview of Community Corrections Quiz, MindTap activity
Chapter 2: How Probation Developed Quiz, MindTap activity
Chapter 3: History of Parole and Mandatory Release Quiz, MindTap activity
Unit 1 Essay Dropbox Essay
Unit 2: Evidence-Based Community Correctional Supervision and Treatment Chapter 4: Pretrial Supervision, Sentencing, and the Presentence Investigation Report Quiz, MindTap activity
Chapter 5: Case Management Using Risk/Needs/Responsivity Quiz, MindTap activity
Chapter 6: Supervision and Treatment for Offenders with Special Needs Quiz, MindTap activity
Chapter 7: Community Supervision Modifications and Revocation Quiz, MindTap activity
Unit 2 Essay Dropbox Essay
Midcourse Exam Proctored exam that covers chapters 1-7 To be scheduled
and completed
before proceeding
MIDPOINT OF COURSE If you are a semester student, you must reach the midpoint of your course by the date specified in your information.
If you are a Flex UM student, you CANNOT WITHDRAW from this course after the lesson has been submitted.
All lesson assignments or exams needed to reach the midpoint of the course
Unit 3: Enhancements and Graduated Sanctions Chapter 8: Residential Community Supervision Programs Quiz, MindTap activity
Chapter 9: Nonresidential Graduated Sanctions Quiz, MindTap activity
Chapter 10: Economic and Restorative Justice Reparations Quiz, MindTap activity
Unit 3 Essay Dropbox Essay
Unit 4: Special Issues in Community Corrections Chapter 11: Prisoner Reentry Quiz, MindTap activity
Chapter 12: Career Pathways in Community Corrections Quiz, MindTap activity
Chapter 14: Bringing it all Together: Practical Solutions for Community-Based Corrections Quiz, MindTap activity
Unit 4 Essay Dropbox Essay
Final Exam Non-comprehensive exam from chapters 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, and 14 (ensure all work is completed and graded prior to scheduling this exam) To be scheduled
and completed
to finalize credit


Each lesson submitted will be read and given a numerical grade. If you make below a 60 on 5 lessons you will fail the course. Also, if receive a grade below 60 on a lesson, you will be expected to re-do that lesson and resubmit it to the instructor. As for your 2 course exams and Final exam, you will be graded using a letter scale of A, B, C, D, F. The final grade will be calculated as follows:


90 - 100% = A
80 - 89% = B
70 - 79% = C
60 - 69% = D
Below 59% = F


You must submit the lessons required to take the course exam(s). Lessons required but not submitted will receive a grade of zero. For the final exam, all coursework must be submitted and graded.